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10 cosas que quizás no sabías sobre los Eames, en el Barbican. (II)

Ayer comenzamos el repaso de las 10 cosas que seguro que no sabías sobre los Eames, los diseñadores más influyentes del siglo XX, y que nosotros hemos descubierto en la expo retrospectiva se puede ver en el Barbican del Londres hasta el próximo mes de febrero. Realmente, ¡para “caerse de la silla”…!

Lee la primera parte de este post aquí. Continuamos:

6.  La primera Eames Chaise se creó por petición de Billy Wilder y fue especialmente diseñada para que el director pudiera echarse siestas

Charles solía decir que aprendió más de arquitectura viendo las películas de Billy Wilder que charlando con arquitectos. La pareja era muy cercana al célebre director de cine, y de hecho fue él quien les inspiró para crear la primera Eames Lounge Chair. La historia de la butaca se remonta al rodaje de la película El héroe solitario, en la que los Eames colaboraron, creando un montaje para una de las escenas -del que por cierto, pueden verse dibujos en la exposición. Fue entonces cuando Wilder les pidió al matrimonio que le diseñaran una butaca especialmente pensada para que pudiera echarse siestas durante las largas jornadas de rodaje. Los Eames proyectaron la butaca perfecta para el director: lo suficientemente cómoda para poder dormir, a la vez que estrecha, para que las siestas no se alargaran más de lo deseado…


28. The World of Charles and Ray Eames, Barbican Art Gallery. Photo Tristan Fewings_Getty Images

7. La pareja construyó dos “cajas de música” gigantes

Una suerte de xilófono altísimo de madera pone banda sonora a la exposición. Se trata de una réplica de una de las Musical Towers (torres musicales) que la pareja construyó en la década de los cincuenta y que se encontraban en su estudio. El singular instrumento es uno de los tantos artefactos poéticos que pueblan el universo de los Eames.

LONDON, ENGLAND - OCTOBER 20:  An exhibition assistant demonstrates the Musical Tower at The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 - 14 Feb 16.  (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery)

LONDON, ENGLAND – OCTOBER 20: An exhibition assistant demonstrates the Musical Tower at The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 – 14 Feb 16. (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery)


8. Su casa fue construida sin hormigón, sin cemento y sin ladrillos

En la exposición puede contemplarse la impresionante maqueta del habitáculo que los Eames proyectaron como modelo de casa colectivo de las Case Study Houses, la iniciativa que llevó a cabo la revista Arts & Architecture en 1949 para formalizar un nuevo tipo de residencia barato y eficaz.

La casa se terminó en apenas unos meses y fue construida a partir de elementos prefabricados que se ensamblaban en el propio lugar. La pareja planteó la construcción de la casa como un apasionante juego, en palabras de Charles: “construir algo de un objeto encontrado, es el ejercicio más bonito que existe”.

La vivienda, estructurada a partir de soportes metálicos, fachadas de vidrio y paneles coloreados de madera, estaba planteada como una obra viva y dinámica, que pudiera adaptarse a las necesidades de cada momento y generar una infinidad de escenarios distintos. Al finalizar la obra los Eames se mudaron a la nueva casa, la obra resulta una clara expresión de la manera en que los Eames entendían la vida, y se ha convertido en una de las grandes obras de la arquitectura moderna.

LONDON, ENGLAND - OCTOBER 20:  A general view at The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 - 14 Feb 16.  (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery)

LONDON, ENGLAND – OCTOBER 20: A general view at The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 – 14 Feb 16. (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery)

LONDON, ENGLAND - OCTOBER 20:  A general view at The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 - 14 Feb 16.  (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery)

LONDON, ENGLAND – OCTOBER 20: A general view at The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 – 14 Feb 16. (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery)

LONDON, ENGLAND - OCTOBER 20:  A general view at The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 - 14 Feb 16.  (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery)

LONDON, ENGLAND – OCTOBER 20: A general view at The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 – 14 Feb 16. (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery)

LONDON, ENGLAND - OCTOBER 20:  A general view at The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 - 14 Feb 16.  (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery)

LONDON, ENGLAND – OCTOBER 20: A general view at The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 – 14 Feb 16. (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery)

LONDON, ENGLAND - OCTOBER 20:  A general view at The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 - 14 Feb 16.  (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery)

LONDON, ENGLAND – OCTOBER 20: A general view at The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 – 14 Feb 16. (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery)

9. Fueron unos  brillantes “story-tellers”

Tal como se desprende de muchos de los proyectos que se exhiben en la exposición, una de las cosas que los Eames mejor sabían hacer era usar escenarios cotidianos y planteamientos originales y creativos, para comunicar ideas complejas. Un ejemplo de ello es la película Think, uno de sus proyectos más importantes, que realizaron por encargo para el IBM Pavilion de la New York World Fair en 1964, y que se proyecta en la exposición, en el que la pareja explica de manera original, cercana y atractiva el potencial de la tecnología.

LONDON, ENGLAND - OCTOBER 20:  A general view at The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 - 14 Feb 16.  (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery)

LONDON, ENGLAND – OCTOBER 20: A general view at The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 – 14 Feb 16. (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery)

LONDON, ENGLAND - OCTOBER 20:  A general view at The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 - 14 Feb 16.  (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery)

LONDON, ENGLAND – OCTOBER 20: A general view at The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 – 14 Feb 16. (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery)

LONDON, ENGLAND - OCTOBER 20:  A general view at The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 - 14 Feb 16.  (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery)

LONDON, ENGLAND – OCTOBER 20: A general view at The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 – 14 Feb 16. (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery)

10. Convirtieron su periplo vital en una autobiografía viva, documentando cada detalle de su día a día

Tal como puede comprobarse al pasear por la exposición, los Eames tenían la costumbre de documentar de manera sistemática su vida: desde los pequeños descubrimientos cotidianos que les inspiraban, hasta el proceso de desarrollo de sus proyectos. Tal como declaró el arquitecto Peter Smithson en la revista AD en 1966, “Los Eames han hecho respetable apreciar las cosas bonitas”. El fondo documental de los Eames, que se trasladó a la Biblioteca del Congreso en 1988, con otros legados hechos en la última década, cuenta con un material que incluye 300.000 diapositivas, 30.000 hojas de contacto, 220.000 negativos de película, bocetos, dibujos, planos y materiales impresos relacionados con los proyectos de la pareja y diversas películas y grabaciones de sonido… etc.

LONDON, ENGLAND - OCTOBER 20:  A general view at The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 - 14 Feb 16.  (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery)

LONDON, ENGLAND – OCTOBER 20: A general view at The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 – 14 Feb 16. (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery)

LONDON, ENGLAND - OCTOBER 20:  A general view at The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 - 14 Feb 16.  (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery)

LONDON, ENGLAND – OCTOBER 20: A general view at The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 – 14 Feb 16. (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery)

LONDON, ENGLAND - OCTOBER 20:  A general view at The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 - 14 Feb 16.  (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery)

LONDON, ENGLAND – OCTOBER 20: A general view at The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 – 14 Feb 16. (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery)

LONDON, ENGLAND - OCTOBER 20:  A general view at The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 - 14 Feb 16.  (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery)

LONDON, ENGLAND – OCTOBER 20: A general view at The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 – 14 Feb 16. (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery)

LONDON, ENGLAND - OCTOBER 20:  A general view at The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 - 14 Feb 16.  (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery)

LONDON, ENGLAND – OCTOBER 20: A general view at The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 – 14 Feb 16. (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery)

LONDON, ENGLAND - OCTOBER 20:  A general view at The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 - 14 Feb 16.  (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery)

LONDON, ENGLAND – OCTOBER 20: A general view at The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 – 14 Feb 16. (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery)

LONDON, ENGLAND - OCTOBER 20:  Curator Catherine Ince and Eames Demetrios attend the press view of The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 - 14 Feb 16.  (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery) *** Local Caption *** Catherine Ince; Eames Demetrios

LONDON, ENGLAND – OCTOBER 20: Curator Catherine Ince and Eames Demetrios attend the press view of The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 – 14 Feb 16. (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery) *** Local Caption *** Catherine Ince; Eames Demetrios

LONDON, ENGLAND - OCTOBER 20:  A general view at The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 - 14 Feb 16.  (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery)

LONDON, ENGLAND – OCTOBER 20: A general view at The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 – 14 Feb 16. (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery)

LONDON, ENGLAND - OCTOBER 20:  A general view at The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 - 14 Feb 16.  (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery)

LONDON, ENGLAND – OCTOBER 20: A general view at The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition at the Barbican Art Gallery at Barbican Centre on October 20, 2015 in London, England. The World of Charles and Ray Eames exhibition runs from 21 Oct 15 – 14 Feb 16. (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images for Barbican Art Gallery)

Lee la primera parte de este post aquí.

 

The World of Charles and Ray Eames

21 octubre 2015 – 14 febrero 2016
Art Gallery

Barbican Centre
Silk St,
Londres EC2Y 8DS
Gran Bretaña

www.barbican.org.uk

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